“Sokolniki” and “Sokol”

by Olga on December 4, 2010

I received the first question and a very good one:

Olga, I would like to know the orgin(s) of the name of the metro stations “Sokolniki” and “Sokol”.

Sokolniki is the name of an old settlement of falconers (sokolniks) – people who took care for falcons and trained them for hunting. Since the XV century the local forests used to be the favorite hunting place of the Moscow princes and tsars. So, Sokolniki district has inherited that historical name of the place.

The origin of the name Sokol is associated with the first communal settlements in the Soviet Union when a group of artists and painters received some land in Moscow as a private property. First it was planned to be located in Sokolniki. A lot of documents were prepared for registration, even a stamp was made with a flying falkon, when the authorities for some reason changed their minds and artists settlement received another place – near the village of All the Saints. It is not confused the artists. They decided not to change the documents, keep the name and save the stamp. Later the surrounding districts received the same name and the newly built metro station was called Sokol (Falcon) as well.

Let me show you some photos taken at Sokolniki.

The church of the Resurrection of Christ in Sokolniki (1909-1913) built by the architect P.Tolstyh is located in the vicinity of the metro station Sokolniki and the park of the same name. It was not closed even in Soviet time hence a lot of precious icons were preserved in it, some of them taken from other churches.

A rare Moscow sample of the house decorated with wood carving on Gastello St. in Sokolniki.

Holiday Inn hotel with the Fire tower of the XIX century on background.

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{ 2 comments… read them below or add one }

Richard Lowery December 4, 2010 at 9:55 pm

Thanks for the photos near Sokolniki M.
I have an icon of St. Trifon, who is
the patron saint of Russian falconers.
His legend is an interesting one!!

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Olga December 5, 2010 at 10:21 am

Yes, some icons depict him with a falcon as that one in the Assumption cathedral of St. Trinity monastery in Sergiev posad.
St. Trifon is considered to be a patron of Moscow and there is a church in Moscow dedicated to St.Trifon (in Naprudnoe).

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