View of the Moscow governor-general house, a lithograph of L.J.Arnu
(middle of the 19th century).
The house was built in 1782 by the architect M.Kazakov as a 3-storey palace for the Moscow governor-general. In the 1930s, when Tverskaya was reconstructed in order to straighten the street and make it wider, the building was moved 13.5 m (42 feet) backward from the roadway. The preparation for the shifting had lasted for several months but the movement itself took just 40 minutes. Then in 1946 the building was altered significantly and an extra two upper storeys were added by the architect D.Chechykin. Nowadays the building houses the City Hall.
View of the Bolshoi Theatre before the fire of 1853, a lithograph of L.J.Arnu.
The original building designed by Joseph Bové was opened in 1825.
After the fire the new building of the Bolshoi was constructed by Alberto Cavos in 1856.
The Bolshoi Theatre in 2012:
Konstantin Yuon “Moscow university” (1911).
The old building of Moscow university on Mokhovaya street in 2012.
An exhibition dedicated to the 120th anniversary of one of the most famous Soviet architects Boris Iofan at the Schusev State Museum of Architecture, Vozdvizhenka St., 5 (M. Biblioteka imeni Lenina, Alexandrovsky sad, Arbatskaya) will be opened until February 26, 2012.
Boris Iofan is mainly known as an author of the “House on the Embankment” and the Soviet Pavilion with a sculpture of the “Worker and Collective Farm Girl” by V. Mukhina created for the World’s Fair of 1937. Although never realized, the ambitious Palace of Soviets, became the project of his life. For me, the initial project of Moscow State University and those interior designs for the Palace of Soviets halls looking like Pantheon or a Christian church proved to be particularly interesting.
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“Feeding pigeons in Red Square in 1890-1900” by Konstantin Yuon (1946).
Red square in 2012.
What are the differences?
1. Two towers which are to the right from the Historical museum (on the opposite side of the square from us) were demolished in 1931. The Resurrection Gate with two chapels was considered to be an obstacle for military parades and demonstrations on the way to Red Square. The gate was reconstructed in the 90s.
2. St. Nicholas tower looks to be white-washed.
3. Lenin’s Mausoleum was built in 1930.
4. There are no chapels next to the Spasskaya Tower. They were destroyed in 1925 and therefore did not exist in 1946 like the Resurrection Gate when Yuon painted them.
5. We can not see in the picture by Yuon such details as any of the double headed eagles on the Kremlin towers. They were replaced by the stars in 1935. The stars are clearly visible in my photo.
Konstantin Yuon “Lubyanskaya square in winter”, 1905
Lubyanka in 2012.
The walls of Kitay-gorod, the Vladimir tower, St. Panteleimon chapel, and an old fountain with drinking water no longer exist.
The Iron Felix (statue of KGB founder F.Dzherzhinsky erected on the square in 1958) was pulled down in 1991.
Moskvoretsky bridge by Konstantin Yuon, 1911.
Moskvoretsky bridge by Konstantin Korovin, 1914.
Boris Yakovlev “The view on the Kremlin from the side of an old Moskvoretsky bridge”, 1936.
Konstantin Yuon “Utro Moskvy. 1942.”
The view from Bolshoi Moskvoretsky bridge today.
They started to decorate Christ the Savior Cathedral with murals in 1860. During the next twenty years forty artists took part in the work, among them – H. Siemiradzki, V. Surikov, Vl.Makovsky, V.P. Vereshchagin, I.Pryanishnikov, N.Koshelev, M. Vasiliev, and many others.
When the cathedral of Christ the Savior built on the same place in the late 20th century was to be painted there existed just black and white photographs of the original interior. It turned out that the picture of Fyodor Klages “Internal view of Christ the Savior cathedral in Moscow” (1883) was the only survived “document”, executed in color.
Aleksey Bogolyubov “View of Christ the Savior cathedral from Prechistenka street in Moscow”, 1880.
Christ the Savior cathedral is shown almost completed.
Behind the cathedral is the church of the Praise of the Mother of God and All the Saints (1694).
The cathedral was blown up in December of 1931.
The church was demolished in 1932.
Starting Tuesday, October 25, Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage organizes 25 free of charge excursions, dedicated to historical and cultural monuments of the capital.
List of excursions